Betty Cuthbert AC MBE (athletics) is a three-time Commonwealth Games medallist, who was nicknamed ‘Australia’s Golden Girl’, for her stunning Olympic successes. Cuthbert competed at the Cardiff 1958 Games where won silver medals in the 220-yards and as part of Australia’s 4×110-yard relay team. These Games came after her stunning three gold medal performance at the Melbourne 1956 Olympics as a teenager setting world records while winning the 100m, 200m titles and as part of the 4x100m relay becoming the country’s ‘Golden Girl’. Cuthbert suffered an injury while competing at the Rome 1960 Olympics and subsequently retired from athletics. Her retirement did not last long, though, for she returned at the 1962 British Empire and Commonwealth Games in Perth, Western Australia, helping Australia to a gold medal in the sprint relay. Afterwards, she concentrated on the 400 metres, and she competed in that event in the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, when it was on the Olympic program for women for the first time. Though not impressive in the heats, Cuthbert won the title for her fourth Olympic gold medal. In her career, she set world records for 60 metres, 100-yards, 200 metres, 220-yards and 440-yards. Betty Cuthbert was named a National Living Treasure in 1988, was named a Legend of the Sport Australia Hall of Fame in 1994 and was an inaugural inductee into the Athletics Australia Hall of Fame in 2000. Cuthbert was the only Australian among the 10 inaugural inductees to the IAAF Hall of Fame in 2012. Cuthbert died in 2017, aged 79.
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